Challenge: Conflict Intersection and Covid-19

From : Ruby Kholifah / Secretary General of AMAN

Secretary General of AMAN, Dwi Rubiyanti Kholifah. – For countries such as Cameroon, Uganda, Afghanistan, Jordan, Sri Lanka and some countries that have been or are in conflict or are being affected by the conflict, the spread of Covid-19 makes the situation of people far more vulnerable than usual. Jordan has received the most refugees from Syria today, 120,000 of them in Za’atari and Azraq who have been locked down since 21 March. “It’s very quiet. I didn’t hear any noise from my tent neighbor. Be quiet. The market is also in a different condition,” said Ahmad Harb, 35, a refugee from Syria when interviewed by UNHCR. He said that “people are very scared because of something new they don’t know, and this disease can spread very quickly” (unhcr.un).

From the story of the women in the vanguard of peace, I caught a very serious challenge in the situation of Pandemic Covid-19 when it intersected with conflict or post-conflict situations. Why? First, infrastructure in conflict and post-conflict areas is very minimal. The community is still experiencing extreme poverty. The government is managing the governance of the government, there are not enough funds available and fragile relations between groups are very likely to be disputed again if there is disagreement. All this encourages more vulnerability in women who often have to bear the double burden of caregivers and caretakers.

Secondly, it awakens the sensitivity of covid language 19. The experience of conflict and war that occurred in Cameroon, Uganda, Afghanistan, which daily confronts bullets and bombs, actually causes a loss of sensitivity to them. Aissa from Cameroon found it difficult to raise awareness about the dangers of Covid-19. Many of them said, “We have conflicted for a long time, we hear weapons and bombs explode every day. Now there is a story of a virus. This is worrying because then the people underestimate this spread.

Third, the conflict led to a massive exodus of people. Syria conflict, for example, pushed its citizens to move to Jordan. the concentration of refugee areas which are very densely populated and the limited facilities for sanitation, clean water, food, and facilities and medical personnel, has the potential to spread the Covid-19 virus rapidly. Therefore, monitoring and paying attention to refugee areas is very important, also restrictions on the entry and exit of people, and regular check-ups are very important to be carried out on assistants from both government and non-government.

To conclude, that Covid-19 does indeed attack anyone regardless of gender, social status, type of work and age. But the impact of the Covid-19 handling policy has a different impact on men, women and third gender. Thus, using gender perspective is important to ensure that the voices, thoughts, and needs of each gender are considered in more detail.

Informal sector groups, especially women, were proven to be affected a lot during the 19th period, due to loss of work, changes in hours and distance of work, which creates a double burden on women in the informal sector. Women are far more impacted because of lower wages, without insurance, and especially if they are the sole breadwinner in their families.

Paying attention to the formal health sector, where 70 percent of the workforce is women, is very important. Especially seeing their reproductive health needs, for example, the supply of hygienic products for menstruation, especially as long as they are not allowed to go home because of the focus of treatment on Covid-19 patients.

Domestic violence has been shown to increase in countries that are fighting Covid-19 such as China, Spain, Australia, India, and others, so the government under these conditions is important to consider access for victims of domestic violence if they need medical, legal and social psycho services.